Shimla Agreement Document

Shimla Agreement Document

(iii) Withdrawals will begin on the effective date of this agreement and will be concluded within 30 days. [4] The agreement is the result of the determination of the two countries to “end the conflict and confrontation that have so far affected their relations”. He designed the steps to be taken to further normalize mutual relations and also defined the principles that should govern their future relations. [4] [3], recalling its agreement of 23 September 1998 that an environment of peace and security is in the highest national interest and that the resolution of all outstanding issues, including Jammu and Kashmir, is essential to this end. The Delhi Agreement on the Return of War and Civilian Internees is a tripartite agreement between these states, signed on 28 August 1973. The agreement was signed by Kamal Hossain, the Foreign Minister of the Government of Bangladesh, Sardar Swaran Singh, the Indian Minister of Foreign Affairs and Aziz Ahmed, Minister of State for Defence and Foreign Affairs of the Pakistani government. [9] [11] This agreement is ratified by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and enters into force from the date of exchange of the ratification instruments. [4] The agreement did not prevent relations between the two countries from deteriorating to the armed conflict, the last time during the 1999 Kargile War. In Operation Meghdoot of 1984, India seized the entire inhospitable region of the Siachens Glacier, where the border was clearly not defined in the agreement (perhaps because the area was considered too arid to be controversial); This was considered by Pakistan to be a violation of the Simla agreement. Most of the subsequent deaths in the Siachen conflict were caused by natural disasters. B, like the avalanches of 2010, 2012 and 2016. . In February 1999, the Prime Ministers of India and Pakistan, Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Nawaz Sharif, signed the Lahore Declaration.

To share a vision of peace and stability between their countries, as well as progress and prosperity for their peoples; In order to gradually re-establish and normalize relations between the two countries, it was agreed that (iv) they would always respect each other`s national unity, territorial integrity, political independence and sovereign equality. [3] Defends the principles and objectives of the Charter of the United Nations and the generally accepted principles of peaceful coexistence. (ii) in Jammu and Kashmir, the line of control resulting from the ceasefire of 17 December 1971 is respected by both sides, without prejudice to the recognized position of both parties. Neither party will attempt to change them unilaterally, regardless of reciprocal differences and legal interpretations. Both parties also undertake to refrain from threatening or using force in violation of this line. [4] [3] . Promote and protect all human rights and fundamental freedoms. As part of the objective of general nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation; In this context, delegations from both countries will meet from time to time to develop the necessary details. (iii) That the precondition for reconciliation, good neighbourliness and lasting peace between them be the commitment of the two countries to peaceful coexistence, territorial integrity and sovereignty and non-interference in the internal affairs of the other not on the basis of equality and mutual utility. That the fundamental issues and causes of the conflicts that have affected relations between the two countries over the past 25 years be resolved by peaceful means. [4] Recognising that the nuclear dimension of the security environment of the two countries increases their responsibility in preventing conflicts between the two countries; How to explain: What is the anti-defect law and how it works, must refrain from interference and interference in the internal affairs of the other.


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