9. An Agreement To Count Slaves As Three-Fifths Of A Person Was Related To

9. An Agreement To Count Slaves As Three-Fifths Of A Person Was Related To

After a controversial debate, the compromise that was finally accepted – counting “all other people” as three-fifths of their actual figures – reduced the representation of slave states compared to the original proposals, but improved it in relation to the Nordic position. [16] One of the encouragements for slave states to accept the compromise was its commitment to taxation in the same proportion, thereby reducing the tax burden on slave states. Section 2 of the Fourteenth Amendment (1868) later replaced Article 1, Section 2, paragraph 3, and expressly repealed the compromise. It provides that “representatives… census of the total number of people in each country, with the exception of non-taxed Indians. A subsequent provision of the same clause reduced the representation of states in Congress that denied adult men the right to vote, but this provision was never effectively enforced. [19] (The Thirteenth Amendment, passed in 1865, had already excluded almost all persons from the jurisdiction of the original clause by prohibiting slavery; the only remaining persons subject to it were those who were sentenced to a crime, which was excluded from the prohibition by the amendment).) However, the proposed report was a final solution to the impasse created during the Constitutional Convention. In this situation, the alignment of the forces in dispute was the opposite of what had been obtained in 1783 according to the statutes. By amending the articles, the North wanted slaves to matter more than the South, because the objective was to determine the taxes paid by the states in Confederation. In the Constitutional Convention, the most important issue was representation in Congress, so the South wanted slaves to count for more than the North. [1]:397 The three-fifths report is the result of a change in the articles of Confederation on 18 April 1783.

[4]:112[5] Change should have changed the basis for determining the wealth of each state and thus its tax obligations from real estate to the population as a measure of the ability to produce wealth. The proposal of a congressional committee had proposed that taxes be “provided by the various colonies in relation to the number of inhabitants of all ages, genders and of any quality, except indiem. [6]:51[7] The South immediately opposed this formula, as it would include in the calculation of the amount of taxes payable by slaves, considered primarily as property. As Thomas Jefferson wrote in his notes on debates, the southern states would be “subjunctive according to their number and wealth, while the North would be taxed only on numbers.” [6]51-52 The proposal to count slaves in three-fifths was first proposed on 11 June and was adopted by nine states with only a brief debate between nine states and two countries. [1]:143-4 It was discussed at length between 9 and 13 July (including) when it was rejected six to four by the present members of the Convention. [10] [11] Some delegates from the South, who saw an opportunity, then proposed a complete representation of their slave population; Most states voted “no.” [12] [13] As states did not agree to count slaves as five-fifths,[14] without any kind of compromise, the three-fifths ratio was brought back to the table and agreed by eight states for two. [1]:416 Including three-fifths of slaves (who did not have the right to vote) in the legislative division, the three-fifths compromise provided additional representation in the House of Representatives of slave states over free states.


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